18th Amendment

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Social Studies
American History

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18th Amendment

The 18th Amendment Reads...Section 1:- "After one year from the ratification of this article the manufacture, sale, or transportation of intoxicating liquors within, the importation thereof into, or the exportation thereof from the United States and all territory subject to the jurisdiction thereof for beverage purposes is hereby prohibited."Section 2:- "The Congress and the several States shall have concurrent power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation."Section 3:- "This article shall be inoperative unless it shall have been ratified as an amendment to the Constitution by the legislatures of the several States, as provided in the Constitution, within seven years from the date of the submission hereof to the States by the Congress."

What did the Americans think?- "Bootlegging" occured with the majority of the population. A large scale of citizens opposed Prohibition. One of the number 1 concequences in result of this amendment was the rate of organized crime increasing dramatically across the country. People created and sold alchohol by the gallons and even larger every day.

Mafia and Gangs- Due to the excessive underground bootlegging, the Mafia's skills were at an all time high because they had a lot of control of the business. They had power of killing people who wouldn't cooperate, bribing police, authorities, and politicians to not pay attention, and earning millions of dollars. Al Capone is one of the most infamous mafia leaders. He earned an estimated $60 million from bootlegging and organized crime.

18th Amendment

Bootlegging - alcoholic liquor unlawfully made, sold, or transported, without registration or payment of taxes.

How did this Amendment come about?- This Amendment was ratified on January 16, 1919. It prohibited the transportation, selling, and making of alcoholic beverages. Authorities thought that when individuals consumed alcoholic beverages they became impetuous, reckless, and destructive. Many religious groups especially tried to get rid of alchol because they considered it a danger to the nation. They figured that with the elimintation of such a poison they could improve the health of Americans, fix social problems, and reduce crime rates all across the country.

The Repeal of the 18th Amendment- The 18th Amendment was ratified on December 5, 1933. In February of that year, the Constitution adopted the 21st amendment which repealed the 18th amendment, and the Volstead Act. They needed many state votes to officially repeal the amendment. Utah was the 36th state to vote to ratify the amendment. A few of the states chose to continue the statewide prohibition after it was ratified. By 1966, the Country-wide prohibition was abolished.

Citations:"Amendment XVIII Prohibition of Liquor." National Constitution Center. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Oct. 2015."18th Amendment." LII / Legal Information Institute. Cornell, n.d. Web. 21 Oct. 2015."18th and 21st Amendments." History.com. A&E Television Networks, n.d. Web. 21 Oct. 2015."Kids." 18th Amendment -. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Oct. 2015.Prohibiton. N.p., 5 Dec. 2007. Web. 6 May 2009.


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