1850's project

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1850's project

Significant peopleCharles La TrobeCharles La Trobe was the lieutenant governor of Victoria in the time of the Gold Rush. He was born in London, England in 20th of March, 1801. He was educated in England but he spent some of his time in Switzerland mountain climbing which he had written several books on. On February, 1839, he was appointed a superintendent of Port Phillip District (Victoria). Charles La Trobe arrived in Melbourne on the 1st of October, 1839, and was then the first lieutenant-governor of Victoria. He also acted as the lieutenant governor of Tasmania for four months. Charles La Trobe wanted to resign 1851, but was only able to in 1854. He was later succeeded by Charles Hotham in 1854.

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Significant peopleCharles HothamCharles Hotham was the lieutenant governor and later the governor of Victoria, and succeeded Charles La Trobe. He was born on the 22nd of June, 1806 in Dennington, United Kingdom. He entered the navy on the 6th of November, 1818 and he was appointed lieutenant governor on the 6th of December 1853 by the Duke of Newcastle. Later, he was made captain general and then governor-in-chief. Charles then became the governor of Victoria on the 22nd of June, 1854 and resigned on the 10th of November, 1855. Charles started as a popular governor, but finance problems brought him unpopularity. He reinforced mining laws and appointed Royal Commissions to solve the Gold Rush’s problems. He was later suceeded by Sir Henry Barkly.

Significant eventsSeparation of New South Wales and Victoria The separation of Victoria (known as Port Phillip District in that time) was an important part in Victoria’s history. This was accomplished when the British Act passed an Act that they would separate Victoria, South Australia and Tasmania, to provide a better government to Her Majesty’s Australian Colonies. It was signed by Queen Victoria on the 5th of August, 1850. The idea passed through the New South Wales Legislation Council on the 1st of July, 1851 and on the same day, Victoria became independent from New South Wales. This established the first section of the 1851 Act.

Significant EventsSecret Ballot introduced in AustraliaAustralia was the first country to introduce the system of secret ballot. The point of using the secret ballot system is that a voter can make their vote in secret without being pressured. The system of secret ballot is when a voter is able to put in a vote that cannot be later be distinguished between other votes. The elector is required to mark their name off in the electoral roll when they enter. The ballot paper contains no other information apart from the list of candidates in the election. Once electors have finished voting, electors seal their votes in two envelopes to hide their identity before placing them into the voting compartment. These envelopes are only to be opened by people who are counting votes. The first states to introduce the secret ballot were Victoria and South Australia in 1856. New South Wales and Tasmania used the secret ballot voting system in 1858 and a year later Queensland introduced the voting system. Western Australia was the last state to use the voting system in 1893.


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