1850s in Australia

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by Flossy
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Social Studies

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1850s in Australia

Eureka Stockade 1854What was the Eureka Stockade?The Eureka Stockade was a civil revolt .Where did the Eureka Stockade take place?The Eureka Stockade took place in Ballarat in the state of Victoria, Australia.When did the Eureka Stockade take place?The Eureka Stockade took place in 1854.Why did the Eureka Stockade happen?The reason the Eureka Stockade took place was because the gold miners were revolting against the officials who were supervising the gold-mining regions of Ballarat. Although the revolt failed, it has endured in the collective social consciousness of Australia. It is popularly but inaccurately characterised as the "Birth of Democracy" within the fledgling nation.How did the Eureka Stockade change Australian history?It can be stated that the battle was lost , but the war was won!Eureka had become the symbol of the birth of democracy in Australia. The Gold Rush changed equality in Australian society to create a society where all people had equal opportunities and demanded to be treated as equals amongst the settlers.

Significant PeoplePeter Lalor: Peter was the leader for the battle of Eureka Stockade, he led the battle.John Bassoon Humffray: John firmly believed that the pen was mightier than the sword and believed in world peace.Timothy Hayes: Timothy organised a meeting to cheer on the diggers in the fight he told them to be prepared to fight & if need be die for their cause.Raffaello Carboni: Raffaello was the translater for the league, he spoke 5 languages.Charles Ross: Charles designed the Eureka Stockade flag. He was inspired by the wide blue sky & southern cross.

1850s in Australia

Gold Rush 1851

Womens ClothesWomen joined the men once the gold fields were more established. They wore the same clothes everyday.Clothing:The typical style was:*A long dress with a high neck, tight waist and full skirt.*A cotton petticoat and bloomers underneath.*Striped stockings & hard-wearing boots.*& a large bonnet.Sunday Best:Some women made their own, others made by local dress makers, or ready made clothes from stores. Women also wore shoes with fabric on sides and a leather tip only worn inside though.

Mens ClothesClothes had to be tough to cope with the hard work of searching for goldClothing:A typical diggers outfit was:*A striped undershirt & a blue or red fannel striped shirt.*Cotton trousers & heavy leather boots.*If wealthy enough a cabbage tree hat.Sunday Best:Was a store bought suit with a matching vest, a white shirt and coloured necktie. These suits were made from linen in the summer and from wool in the winter.

Homes on the gold fieldsDifferent shelters:Canvas Tents: Life in a tent was extremely uncomfortable. Canvas walls and roofs don't keep out the weather, insects & wildlife. If a digger was staying a while they'll add a slight bit of luxurie like a stone fireplace at one end for warmth.Bark Huts: Bark huts are much more sustainable than tents. they keep out the wildlife and weather. Some people even put down wooden floors and shutters on the windows.Slab & Wattle & Daub Huts: Both of these homes are built from wood and clay. These homes also usually had about two rooms, one room for sleeping the other for cooking, playing & working. If the family was sucessful enough they might also have a best room. Some people even had carpet, curtains and a piano children can't play in this room.

InteriorMost diggers made chairs from logs and tables from planks of wood on top of upturned buckets. they made beds from a bag full of leaves outstretched over a wooden frame, they made unused boxes into cupboards. with not much space diggers hung their food and tools from the tents timber frame.MealtimeMutton, damper, pies & stew were the foods that were their all year round. Tea, coffee & illegal alchol were the most popular drinks. on Sundays families would usually use the left over mutton & vegetables & make a stew and if they had enough money then maybe even a fruit pudding.

Chinese Gold DwellersMost Chinese had been farm labourers. They did very well at managing water & making sure the soil was as healthy as possible.Their results were much more succesful Then the European farmers, particularly with growing vegetables. In many areas, it was only because of Chinese farmers that vegetables such as potatoes, onions, carrots, beans and cabbages were available at all. Many said that the Europeans should learn from the chinese farmers. Many Chinese worked in old shafts abandoned by others & had great succes.

Ellen ClacyOne mode of cheating is to have glass pans resting on a piece of green wool; under this wool, and beneath the pan which holds the weights, is a wetted sponge, which causes that pan to adhere to the wool and consequently it requires more gold to make it level.

Ellen Clacy talking about tricks gold buyers would make when your buying goods.

Ellen ClacyHere lies a pair of fish drippings into a bag of sugar, or a box of raisins; there are a gay-looking bundle of ribbons beneath two tumblers, and a half-finished bottle of ale. Cheese and butter, bread & yellow soap, pork & currants, saddles & frocks, hats & serge shirts, Green viels & shovels.

Ellen speaks about stepping into a shop with fine clothes & general supplies.

Eureka flag designed by Charles Ross

Interior of a gold cradle.


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