1850's - Gold Rush

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1850's - Gold Rush

1850'sGold rushand Eureka Stockade

Gold was first discovered in Australia on the 15th of Febuary 1823

The Gold Rush Diary Of George BonniwellFirst Day, Friday, April 12th, 1850 Left Milwaukee at 1 o'clock for California with 6 wagons and 16 men. Cold day. Roads very bad. Went 19 miles.April 13, Saturday, Second Day Very cold morning. All well. Broke kink bolt on William's Buggy. Went to Darien. Traveled 33 miles. Put up for the night.April 14th, Third Day, Sunday We lay over today. It is a fair morning. Not too cold. All well. Took a walk this morning. Went to meeting this afternoon and enjoyed the sermon. Feel in good spirits. Wrote a letter to my wife. Went to meeting this evening.

Minners Were forbidden to have alcohol while on goldfeild premices

A man saw simalarities between the Californian landscape and that of Victoria(which back then was called New South Wales as Victoria and Queensland had not formed yet)

The first gold rush in Australia began in May 1851 after prospector Edward Hargraves claimed to have discovered payable gold near Bathurst, at a site he called Ophir. Although he wasn't the first.[3] Hargraves had been to the Californian goldfields and had learned new gold prospecting techniques such as panning and cradling

In July 1851, Victoria's first gold rush began on the Clunes goldfield.[6] In August, the gold rush had spread to include the goldfield at Buninyong (today a suburb of Ballarat) 45 km (28 m) away and, by early September 1851, to the nearby goldfield at Ballarat (then also known as Yuille's Diggings),[7][8][9][10] followed in early September to the goldfield at Castlemaine (then known as Forest Creek and the Mount Alexander Goldfield)[11] and the goldfield at Bendigo (then known as Bendigo Creek) in November 1851.[12] Gold, just as in New South Wales, was also found in many other parts of the state

When the rush began at Ballarat, diggers discovered it was a prosperous goldfield. Lieutenant-Governor, Charles La Trobe visited the site and watched five men uncover 136 ounces of gold in one day.

FunFactFor a few years Victoria had the biggest output of gold in the world!

The miners worked very hard, often with no reward, but were forced to pay a mining licence fee which was collected by government representatives who were often brutal.


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