18 Geography Standards

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18 Geography Standards

The U.S. Mexico borderlands are very complex; several cities in several states make up these borderlands between the U.S.-Mexican border. A perceptual region is defined as being "based on human feelings and attitudes about areas and is defined by people's shared subjective images". To me, the U.S. Mexico borderlands could be considered a perceptual region, however the definition of a formal region fits more accurately. According to the standard, a formal region is defined as being characterized by "common human property, such as the presence of people who share a language, religion, nationality, political identity, or culture". Throughout this lesson on the U.S. Mexico borderlands, we have discussed the attitudes and stereotypes of the borderlands and the people and places involved. Although California and Mexico are their own respective regions, the borderlands might not seem to be but they are. This can be somewhat confusing but to say that the U.S Mexico border is a perceptual region would prove itself incorrect. When we think of the U.S. Mexico borderlands, we may think of our feelings toward it and the stereotypes associated with it like we talked about earlier in this lesson, but they are a formal region; a collective group of cities bordering the Mexico border. Each city is its own, and belongs to its formal region, for example Tijuana, Mexico and Naco, Arizona. The borderlands share the same climate, landforms, nationality, etc. It can be assumed that the people who live in these Borderlands are more than 50% Hispanic and all share the same cultural values and language. Just as well, the borderlands are united by the fact that they share a "common human property" as described in the standard. These places all share the fact that they border the U.S. Mexico border and that they are all grouped together in what we call the borderlands. The borderlands share several human and physical properties.Sources: National Geography Standard 5. (n.d.). Retrieved October 9, 2014, from http://education.nationalgeographic.com/education/standards/national-geography-standards/05/?ar_a=1United States-Mexico Border. (n.d.). Retrieved October 9, 2014, from http://smithsonianeducation.org/migrations/bord/intro.html

I thought this image was very interesting because it shows the hope for a next-generation border crossing. A high speed train is hoping to be built by 2018 in order to transport authorized passengers to and from Mexico and the U.S. in a much shorter amount of time.

This image caught my eye because it shows an aerial view of the difference between San Diego, CA and Tijuana, Mexico. California is on the left; fairly barren and dessert like compared to Mexico on the opposite side; a giant, bustling city. This shows the difference in land between the borderlands. Sources: http://geo-mexico.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/02/Picture_of_US-Mexico_Border.jpghttp://latino.foxnews.com/latino/money/2014/01/16/next-generation-border-crossing-first-ever-high-speed-train-to-connect-us-and/

Standard 5: Regional Geography

The majority of deaths reported by the United States Border Patrol seemed to occur in Pima county. The red dots indicate deaths that took place and they all seem to be clustered together in this area. The other areas that seem to have a higher frequency of deaths is the area right along the border in Nogales and Naco. This is most likely because people go to extreme measures to get across the border and aren't successful. In the summer months, these areas are extremely hot, with some of the nations highest temperature averages. It can be assumed that many people trying to make it into Mexico through the Arizona-Mexico border get lost in the vast stretch of dessert. Without water and shade, dehydration takes over and is probably responsible for so many of these reported deaths. Source: http://www.mauricesherif.com/blog/wp-content/uploads/2009/09/Border-Death-Map.jpg

Standard 7: Components of Earth's Physical Systems

Source: http://longgame.org/2010/08/politicalcultural-borders-and-borderlands/

Standard 2: Mental Maps

Standard 6:Perceptions of Places and Regions

Standard 3:Analyzing Spatial Organizations

Standard 4: Characteristics of Places

I have heard a lot about the amazing food in Mexico as well as the towns along the border. This specific type of food was a big thing in Mexico, but over time it has made its way over the border and along the borderlands and has become very popular in the U.S. as well. A crossing of traditions.

Standard 12: Border Settlements

Standard 13: Cooperation and Conflict

Standard 10: Cultural Mosaics

Standard 9: Population Geography

Standard 11: Economic Interdependence

My cultural background isn't very exciting. The majority of my ancestors are from Ireland and England. My family's last name is English, while my first name is Irish. My prior knowledge of the U.S.-Mexico borderlands wasn't very extensive, but it also wasn't broad. I have lived in California and Arizona and have been to the towns that border Mexico before. I am aware of where they are and the names of the cities and towns. I do not have any stereotypes of the people living along the borderlands. I think many people are quick to assume that the people who called a city in a borderland their home are all Hispanic and that isn't always true. I have known many people who have never even been to Mexico and yet live in these borderlands. I don't see myself as someone who has "baggage" regarding my ideas and personal views of the people and the places of the border. I am an open minded person and as a student, I am always interested in learning everything I can with no judgmental. I do have the ability to engage in an accurate and sensitive analysis of everything pertaining to the borderlands.

Natural resources are being used here by creating mines all over this desert in order to extract resources from it. We came in and built large buildings and roads on this land to create a way to work at the mine and a way to get there and access it. Large holes have been made and large machines are stored here in order to get resources. This all disrupts the land, but is essential if we are trying to get natural resources from these mines and the land. Sources: https://www.google.com/maps

Standard 16: Resource Geography

Standard 15: How Physical Systems Affect Human Systems

For one, this 336 mile aqueduct was built in the middle of the Arizona desert 14 miles from Tucson. The construction of the aqueduct itself represents how nature was modified because this did not exist in this area before, it was built by humans in order to benefit humans. Although, on the webpage for The Central Arizona Project, there is a blurb about how Arizona wildlife was taken into consideration when building this aqueduct, and how it was important not to disrupt nature. Also, the formation of roads represents the way nature was modified, The soil of this area was changed and ruined in order to make roads to get to the aqueduct. Lastly, giant pipelines and tunnels were made during this project. This disrupted nature because the Earth was dug up and therefore disrupting natural occurrence in the desert. Sources: https://www.google.com/maps

This is an image of a maquilladora. I had no idea the extent of mistreatment that went on in these factories. I feel awful for have possibly contributing to it by buying clothes made in these factories. These people are treated unfairly and I believe that our high demand for products contributes to this issue. The supply and demand scale is off balance and these people are feeling the consequences. Something needs to be done about it.

Standard 14:How Human Actions Modify Physical Systems

Not only did the U.S. and Mexico work together to salvage water resource and to provide cleaner water, but they also worked together on environmental issues. This represents the ongoing agreement and cooperation of both the U.S. and Mexico in working together on environmental issues. This specific agreement allows the U.S. and Mexico to create reservoirs jointly across boundaries and therefore providing peace of mind over energy resource operations in the Gulf of Mexico. A longstanding agreement, the U.S. and Mexico are successful in cooperating in efforts to make each nation a better and safer, more efficient place. Source: http://s1.reutersmedia.net/resources/r/?m=02'd=20120129't=2'i=564209426'w=580'fh='fw='ll='pl='r=BTRE80S1N4000

Douglas is a town located in Arizona, very close to the U.S. Mexico border. It crosses into the Mexican city of Agua Prieta, Mexico. Not only does Douglas provide a way into Mexico, but it is also a very historical city. Many famous people from the old west called this town their home.Source: http://www.douglasaz.org/sites/default/files/card00572_fr.jpg

18 National Geography Standards Relating to U.S. Mexico Borderlands ' Arizona

Our population on Earth is rapidly growing each day, reaching more than 7 billion people. This map shows the growing population of our state Arizona. Source: http://tspwiki.com/images/e/e1/New_Mexico_population_map.png

Standard 17:Apply Geography to Interpret the Past

Standard 18:Apply Geography to Your Future

Western Peaks Elementary School is located in Surprise, AZ. Not only is it in a grade A school district, Dysart Unified, but it is a top performing school as well. Transportation is made easy and convenient for students, and there are several community resources available to students. Also, there is plenty of recreational features available to better explore geography of our state. The White Tank Mountains are nearby and would be great for a geography exploration lesson. Source: https://schoolweb.dysart.org/SchoolSites/headers/121.gif

Just like we as humans have an effect on the Earth and its physical systems, those physical systems have an effect on us too. Monsoons are very common in Arizona and can be very dangerous. This image shows flooding after a monsoon and it is important to be aware of our geography and the risks of our Earth. Natural disasters happen all the time and often nothing can be done to prevent them It is possible to saty safe during a monsoon though. Avoid flooding and thunderstorms as well as be careful during a dust storm that follows. Be aware. Sources: Image obtained from Assignment

The original settlements of Arizona before 1950 originated for several reasons. The reason I think is the most important and unique to Arizona before 1950 is due to the agricultural industry. The abundance of streams and rivers in Arizona made it very desirable for farmers in order to develop farm land. There was plenty of land and once figuring out how to overcome the dryness of Arizona, farmers made it big here, and they still do. A lot of farming went on in Arizona before 1950 and even after. Resource #4 Agricultural Settlements, provide a lot of examples of the different rivers and canals that farmers used for their agriculture. Land was abundant and this made agriculture a booming industry, boosting Arizona's developing economy. Source: http://alliance.la.asu.edu/socialstudies/US_AZ/geography/graphics/McClintock_AgSettlement_1.jpg

Standard 8:Components of Ecosystems

Standard 1:Maps and Other Geographical Representations

Using https://www.google.com/maps, I found an oblique view of the Grand Canyon, a wonderful example of Arizona's nature and physical systems. I also captured an image of Navajo Mountain, another beautiful representation of the amazing nature in Arizona.

Ecosystems are an important part of nature and must be maintained. Throughout Arizona, there are many ecosystems. The picture above shows an ecosystem most commonly witnessed. This ecosystem and several others are often threatned by the Arizona heat and drought. It is important to do our best in order to protect our states ecosystems. We rely on our nature, just as much as it relies on us.Source: http://www.protrails.com/protrails/galleries/Saguaro%20-%20signal%20-%20trail%201.jpg


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