13 english colonies

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13 english colonies

The Road to American Culture in the 13 Colonies

Political Influences:

English Bill of Rights:. protected the rights of individuals, trial by jury, outlawed cruel and unusual punishment, ruler couldn't raise taxes or army without approval of parliament. further limited power of King

Virginia Charter-1619. established the House of Burgesses which made laws for the colony. further established represenative government- known as the first represenative gorvernment in the colonies. people expected to have a voice in their government

Magna Carta -1215. said the King could not raise taxes without asking the Great Council of nobles and the church. limited the power of the English king (trial by jury)

SocialInfluences

.The Great Awakening inspired colonists to help others and start homes for orphans..Encouraged ideas of equality and the right to challenge authority.. Church membership grew dramatically and colleges were founded in order to train ministers.

The Enlightenment.It was intellectual movement that began in Europe..Emphasized reason and science as paths to knowledge

Family Life, Role of Women, and Social ClassesThe head of the house was the father. He made the rules. Women had few rights. They could not vote. A women needed permission from her father or husband to own land, go into business, or to sign a contract. There were four social classes. The weathy and well educated made up the upper class. Small business owners, farmers, made up the middle class. The lower class included servants and farm workers. The lowest of all were the slaves, who had the fewest rights. Slaves were considered property.

Econimic Influences

Economy in the ColoniesThe New England Colonies were largely farming and fishing communities. The people made their own clothes and shoes. They grew much of their own food. Crops like corn and wheat grew in large numbers, and much was shipped to England. Foods that didn't grow in America were shipped from England. Boston was the major New England port. The Middle Colonies were part agriculture, part industrial. Wheat and other grains grew on farms in Pennsylvania and New York. Factories in Maryland produced iron, and factories in Pennsylvania produced paper and textiles. Trade with England was plentiful in these colonies as well. The Southern Colonies were almost entirely agricultural. The main feature was the plantation, a large plot of land that contained a great many acres of farmland and buildings in which lived the people who owned the land and the people who worked the land. Southern plantations grew tobacco, rice, and indigo, which they sold to buyers in England and elsewhere in America

John Locke-English Philospher. Beleived that people have natural rights to life,liberty and property..Claimed that people create governments to proect their natural rights.


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