11.5 Weather Formation

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by sholbrook99
Last updated 7 years ago

Earth Sciences

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11.5 Weather Formation

Weather Formation


Thunderstorms form when warm, moist air rises and cools which forms large clouds. These clouds can form ice crystals, which may become electrically charged, leading to thunder and lightning



Snow is formed when temperatures are low and ice crystals are created in clouds. These ice crystals stick together, and when they become heavy enough, fall to the earth as snow


Rainbows form during a rain shower when the sun is shining. The rain reflects off the individual droplets in the air and reveal the entire spectrum to the observer.

Tornadoes form when thunderstorms, caused by warm, moist air rising and cooling, encounter high altitude winds. This leads to the rotation of the thunderstorm, which may cause a tornado.


Dust storms occur in dry regions where sand is sitting loosely on the ground. When high winds come, this dust can be blown for miles and create a dust storm.


There are different types of fog, but they all result in the same thing. Water vapor floating just above the ground condenses and forms small water droplets which manifest themselves as fog.


Wildfires begin when a spark catches fire and begins to spread quickly over the surrouding forest. They can also be started by the sun's heat lighting a tree on fire.


Hailstones form when water droplets go below the freezing point and form solid balls of ice. These balls of ice continue to grow larger until they become too heavy to stay in the clouds.


Monsoons are caused by the difference of temperature over land and sea. The sun's rotation cause winds to change direction, leading to the monsoons that occur in the Eastern Hemisphere.

Hurricanes are formed when warm, moist air from the ocean rises and cools to create large storms. This causes a large low pressure system fed by energy from the ocean.



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