Last updated 1 year ago
Pond-Aren't large enough for wind to blow water and make waves - Usually too deep for rooted plants-Are anaerobic (reactions in pond happen without oxygen-Standing water ( Water doesn't flow)-Has organic soil-Sunlight reches bottom of pond-Beaers build damns here -Smaller than lakes
Marsh-Have soft stemmed plants-Not fed by rain water but by suface water-Neutral amount of acidicness-Lots of nutrients-People are building marshes beside poluted areas because they are so good at cleaning polluted water-Average three feet deep
Fen-Lots of peat-Not as acidic as bogs- Looks like grassy field-Get most of their water from groundwater-If peat grows too much it may cut off water supply there for turning it into a bog-Mostly formed on hills-Sometimes have trees-Often covered by grasses, sedges, rushes and wilflowers
Bog -Cool wet areas-Drainage is poor-In some paces carnivourus plants grow in bogs-Very acidic-Lots of moss-Recieves most of water from rain -Made mostly by sphagnum forming over lakes or ponds and not letting the water to leave -Store large amounts of carbon in peat deposits
Slough-A depression or hollow filled with mud-Water may flow seasonly-Often backwater to a larger body of water-Water is sometimes stagnant
The Beaver Adult Kit (Baby) Juvenile Yearling
The Cattail Cattail Seed Sprout Seedling
Dragonfly A dragonfly has apapted to wetlands all around the world.Here are some ways they have: Their body is bullet shaped to help them fly speedily to get away from predators. They also have very large eyes to always be on the lookout for predator. Last but not least their legs can form a cage to catch prey then eat it in mid-flight to avoid landing unnecessarily.
Producers: Organisms such as plants that produce their own food. They are called producers because all species of the wetland depend on them for food.
Leech Some of the ways leeches have adapted are that they can stick to rocks to avoid getting washed down stream and they are dark coloured so that they can hide among rocks easily. Another one is that their suckers are located on both sides of the leech as too help them grip onto their host firmly. Finally they have a large sack in their stomach to hold food for long times since hosts are rare for leeches. They can hold up to 3 times their own body weight in this sack.
Decomposer: An organism that breaks down organic waste so that it can be used again. Decomposers play a very important role in the ecosystem because they are pretty much recycling sll organic waste.
Consumers: All the organisms that can't produce their own food. They are called consumers because they depend on others when it comes to food. They obtain food by eating other organisms.
Many humans build homes, malls and landfills on wetlands which destroys animal habitats, stops natural waetr from being filtered and harms tons of plant species. Infact sice Canada started devloping more and more the rate of wetlands being destroyed has gone up by 10%. Not only does constructionon the wetland hurt our enviornment but construction away from the wetlands can hurt our enviornment as well. The reason this hurts the ecosystem is that the run off from the constuction site may contain harmful chemicals that can poison wild animals.
If wetlands are destroyed it will cause many species of animals to lose their habitats which may lead to extinction if the species doesn't apapt fast enough. It would also mean ground water would become murky and undrinkable for boyh animals and humans. This would also mean that water would flow freely when normally it is held back by wetlands so this could mean floods happen much faster and much more commonly.
Some ways we can protect our resources are to create more designated wetland areas and national parks that include wetlands. We could also make it more widely known that we can't pollute our wetlands with signs and commercials. Aside from that our society should be careful about how many animals of a certain species we put into a zoo because it could throw off the wetlands cycle. One thing the government could do is make part of the law that you must have a filter after any construction that could pollute the enviornment with chemicals.