CONS OF PSYCHOSURGERY
* removes emotional connections, creativity, & planning ability
* potentially dangerous; brain surgery risks include paralysis & death
* no chance of reversal, as damaged brain cells do not regenerate
PROS OF PSYCHOSURGERY
* solves problems of violence & aggression when nothing else will
* allows patient to regain some control over emotions & life
* makes it possible for dangerous mentally ill to return home instead of remaining in institution
What could possibly be going on inside the mind of someone who CHOOSES to undergo psychosurgery?
Psychosurgery is used to treat patients for whom no other forms of therapy have worked. Prefrontal lobotomy is the most common operation, where the frontal lobe is destroyed. Early lobotomy patients included schizophrenics, bipolar disorder sufferers, and those with OCD. Lobotomies today are performed on pinpointed areas to minimize unwanted effects.
HOW IT'S VIEWED TODAY
While it deserves its poor reputation due to excessive and outrageous abuse in its early history, psychosurgery has been declared acceptable for certain situations, providing strict regulations & guidelines are followed. Frequency swelled to around 50,000 per year at the height of its popularity; today only 200 to 300 are performed per year worldwide. They are performed in the US still today.
destruction of brain tissue to control symptoms of mental illness