Solar System

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Journey to the Edge of the Universe


Earth is the third planet from the Sun and is the largest of the terrestrial planets. Unlike the other planets in the solar system that are named after classic deities the Earth’s name comes from the Anglo-Saxon word erda which means ground or soil. The Earth was formed approximately 4.54 billion years ago and is the only known planet to support life.

Mars is the fourth planet from the Sun. Named after the Roman god of war, and often described as the “Red Planet” due to its reddish appearance. Mars is a terrestrial planet with a thin atmosphere composed primarily of carbon dioxide.

The planet Jupiter is the fifth planet out from the Sun, and is two and a half times more massive than all the other planets in the solar system combined. It is made primarily of gases and is therefore known as a “gas giant”.

Saturn is the sixth planet from the Sun and the most distant that can be seen with the naked eye. It is best known for its fabulous ring system that was discovered in 1610 by the astronomer Galileo Galilei.

Uranus is the seventh planet from the Sun. It’s not visible to the naked eye, and became the first planet discovered with the use of a telescope. Uranus is tipped over on its side with an axial tilt of 98 degrees. It is often described as “rolling around the Sun on its side.”

Neptune is the eighth planet from the Sun and is the most distant planet from the Sun. This gas giant planet may have formed much closer to the Sun in early solar system history before migrating to its present position.

Mercury is the closest planet to the Sun and due to its proximity it is not easily seen except during twilight. For every two orbits of the Sun, Mercury completes three rotations about its axis and up until 1965 it was thought that the same side of Mercury constantly faced the Sun.

Venus is the second planet from the Sun and is the second brightest object in the night sky after the Moon. Venus is the second largest terrestrial planet and is sometimes referred to as the Earth’s sister planet due the their similar size and mass. The surface of the planet is obscured by an opaque layer of clouds made up of sulfuric acid.








-Turbulent sea of incandescent gas-10,000 degrees-Core is 10 Million degrees -Its electrical and magnetic forces erupt in giant molten gas loops-When they burst through, they expose cooler layers below making sunspots-Sunspots are hotter than anything on Earth, massive, 20x the Earth

The Sun


Comets, Rubbles, Interstellar SpaceAlpha Centauries, Asteroids, Star Gliese 581Bellerophin, Twin Stars of Algol, BetelgueseOrion's Dark Cloud, Nebula, White Dwarf, Crab NebulaPulsar, Black Hole, Hypernova, The Great ClusterAndromeda Galaxy, Quasar


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