Next-Gen

socrates

by hopkinstristan157f644a7d0759
Last updated 1 year ago

Discipline:
Social Studies
Subject:
Jewish History

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SocratesQuick Profile+ Speakings Socrates was the son of Sophroniscus, an Athenian stone mason and sculptor (Limited Democracy)He followed the political systems of the Spartans instead of his home Empire "Athens"Was born 470 BC but his ideologies were framework for modern Christianity (Immortality, Minnimalism, Natural Law based on Morality)“To find yourself, think for yourself.”“I know that I am intelligent, because I know that I know nothing.”“People demand freedom of speech to make up for the freedom of thought which they avoid.”

Athens and SpartaUnderstanding the Time PeriodThis time period held the height of art, philosophy, and culture after the defeat of the persiansGreed for power led to pelopponesian wars for 30 years Difficulty agreeing on legal practices, culture, language, and philosophy*Socrates loved the idealogies of spartaHe disagreed with democracy and grew his hair long and went bare foot as a spartanAthenians already had reason to despise him through his lack of support to his peopleSpartans were brutal and used slaves to build their empire

"the grandfather of natural law"

SOCRATES

Socrates

Pros

Pros

Con

Con

Natural Law

Socratic method: debate where questions are asked and answered but there is no real winnerBelieved that humans seek happiness in all decisions (birth of egoism)He believed that human logic should be prioritized over theological thoughtsProposed that knowledge descends from questions rather than memorization -WRDSBQuestioned teachings of god and separated us from animals

Hid an abusive wife behind bars that had in reality been devoted and caringFought against DemocraciesWas not motivated Often used hypotcritical points when using his system“Socratic irony” — Socrates' profession of ignorance when he interviews others with leading questions which often shaped the path of dialectical inquiry.“[Writing] will create forgetfulness in the learners’ souls, because they will not use their memories; they will trust to the external written characters and not remember of themselves”

Assuming universal moral laws results in skewed views within other empiresThe force of law would not need justification for punishmentThis law is not changed by technology, demographics, emergencies, or values“Do Unto others as you would like to be done to you”Religions contain different principles for this statement (Aristotle- Gods role in Nature

Brought a common ground for universal laws that protect "the people"Protected slaves and those not a part of "limited democracySupports the four cardinal virtues to being a good personEvery life has worthBased more solely on reason

Aquina's Law


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