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Muscial style traits were less religious and more secular. It was the golden age of the cappella style. Polyphony was also used which meant that a melody sung in one voice part would be echoed or traded around between the voice parts. The role of musicians changed in this time period. Musical activity shifted towards the court. Musicians were valued and paid at a higher level than ever before. Court music directors were common.
The Franco-Flemish School became a cultural center for music during the Renassiance. The Franco-Flemish motet was written for four voices. The range of motets written in this style was lower than in previous styles. Imitation and duet style part writing were both used in the Franco-Flemish motet. The Castilian polyphony school wrote both sacred and secular music. The most common secular song form was the villancico. It evolved from medieval dance forms.
Castilian composers included Juan del Enzina and Francisco de Penalosa. Some of the most famous examples of the Franco-Flemish motet were composed by Josquin des Prez. A Polish composer was Mikolaj Gomolka.
During the Renaissance