Plastic Surgery during WWI

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by hensadri
Last updated 2 years ago

Social Studies
World War I

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Plastic Surgery during WWI

WWI Plastic sugery


Many soilders suffered form missing parts of their bodies due to various wounds. Dr. Harold Gillies devolped some of the worl'ds first sucessful skin grafts to help disfigured soilders allowing them to live full, normal lives as civilians.

Before plastic surgery, there were shops located in hospitals called "Masks for Facial Disfigurement Departement." Sir Harold Gillies wanted to create more than just a mask. He had to create whole new faces without knowing much about the practice. Pioneering work in skin grafting had been done in Germany and Soviet union, it was Gillies who refined and mass-produced critical techiques.

Intended use

Plastic surgery aims to restore both function and form to deformities, with real attention to given asethetics.

With a few sucesses and a fewfailures, Gilles learned that plastic surgery had to be carried out in small stages rather than onebig one. His solution involved leaving the flesh attached to one end,rolling into a tube and attaching the other end near to where the graft wasneeded. This prevented infection and allowed blood to flow to grow. Afterthe blood supply had grown into fromthe end, the original connect couldbe cut and the flesh was swung into place.

Plastic surgery allowed seriously disfigured soilders to have a chance at normal lives after the war. The need to leanr more about plastic surgery led to new discoveries in the feild and lead to modern techiques.





Before plastic surgy, disfigured soilders would either suffer from humilation or purchase masks to cover their injures. The practice was developing but very dangerious. While experimenting, Gillies took a massive skin graft from a man's chest, the ending result was death from infection that caused heart failure. After failing, Gillies learned that plastic surgery had to be done in small stages to reduce risk of infection. This is one lesson still used today.

Lasting effects

During WWI plastic surgery was a new feild, today it is used around the globe. It originally was purposed for those who had been injured in warfare, but now it is avaialbe to anyone and everyone. Plastic and reconstructive surgeon's goals are to improve lives and fix the specific dislike features.

Fact one: A bill stating that the cost of plasticsurgeries to be covered under insurance policies was put forward for the first time byBill Clinton.

Fact three: Shrapnel had the abilityto rip an entire face off.

Fact two: The Eygptians used to perform surgicalalterations on their dead bodies and not on theliving ones.


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