Personality poster

by georgieh11
Last updated 4 years ago

Social Studies

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Personality poster


Personality is the sum total of an individuals characteristics which make a human unique. Also the characteristics that account for consistent patterns of behviour.

Trait Theory: Trait theory suggests that we are born with established persoanlity characteristics. These traits are inherrited from our parents. The graph below shows the trait theory model. The left to right axis shows whether someone is an introvert on an extrovert and the bottom to top axis shows whether someone is neurotic or stable.

Introverts do not actively seek excitement and would rather be in calm enviroments. They are best suited to solo sports. i.e, golf and not team activities.Extroverts are mroe outgoing and tend to become more easily distracted. extroverted participate to seek extrinsic rewards such as trophies and are more suited to team games.Stability in relation to personality refers to individuals being more easy going and evenly tempered. Not easily affected by there emotions and focus more easily in games. Neuroticism is related to individuals that are more restless and excitable. the external enviroment and emotions are more likely to impact and effect there performances.

Martens Schematic veiw: in this veiw personality is seen to be having three different levels that are related to each other; psychologicl core, typical responses and role related behaviour. the psychological core is what people often call 'the real you' and is part of you that contains your beliefs, values, attitudes, and interests; these aspects are seen as being relatively constant or stable. Typical responses are the usual ways that you respond to a situation subconciously. your role related behaviour is often determined by the circumstances you find yourself in and this is the most changable aspect of personality.

Perceptionist theory: This theory is a combination of trait perspective and social learning perspective howver it is magnified by the situation. Interactionist theory is broken down into two sections to define people; Type A and Type B. Type A are people who are highly competitive, works fast, strong desire to succeed, likes control and they are prone to suffer stress. Type B people are non competitive, they work slowly, lacks desire, dislikes control and however are less likely to suffer stress.

An example of someone who is considered to be type A could be Serena Williams. She would be type A because she is highly competitive and she has a strong desire to succeed. She is also Type A because she is prone to suffer stress which can affect her game, for instance when Serena looses a point it can make her become stressed and can affect the rest of the game or even set, which could result in a loss.

An example of social learning theory in karate could be a lower grade watching someoone who is a black belt demonstrate a urning back kick. The learner would watch the black belt (role model) and learn through what is being demonstrate. The learner would then retain the information and will model themselves on the rolemodel. Next the learner will physically try out what has been demonsrated and retained. this may take time as trial and error will have to occur before the leaner can copy the blackbelts back kick correctly. Finally the black belt would reinforce the lower grades kick with feedback in the form of motivation. This motivation will keep he learner interested and helo them to increasingly get better.

An example of martens Schematic view coul be an introverted stoolball player. Off the pitch the performer may be quite timid and shy which could be the 'real you'' - this relates to the psychological core. A typical response for the performer could be to avoid confrontation if they are shouted out, this is because it is the subconscious esponse. however, on th pitch the stoolball player could take on the captains role in which they would need to be confrontational to the umpire if they do not agree with the call that has been made and would also need to be vocal and outgoign in order to motivate the team in order to win.

An example of this could be Sir Alex Ferguson and his son. This is an example because Sir Alex has traits such as leadership and dominance. It is higly likely that his son will inherit some of these traits. As it happens his eldest Darren is the manager of Peterborough United. There is a strong correlation with the similarity in traits.

An example of someone who is Type B could be a golfer. This is because they work slowly and dislike control. These traits relate to golf as it takes a long time to finish a round of gol and they have to have concentration for a long period of time. This also relates to not liking control as golf is a solo sport so there is noone for them to control.

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Social Learning Theory; All behaviour is learned from enviromental experiences. Social learning theory is broken down into two sections Modelling and reinforcement. Modelling states that individuals are likely to model themselves on people they can relate to. Reinforcement suggests that if an individuals behaviour is reinforced or rewarded in some way it is likely that behaviour will be repeated.Social learning theory is broken down further through observation into four sections. Attention, Retention, Motor reproduction an Motivational response. Attention is the learning through observation. This is usually through a role model as participants are usually pay more attention to those who they look up to. Retention is moelling to be effective this means that participants will model themselves on what they have seen by retaining the information. Motor reproduction this means he performer must be abl to physically perform the task, this will require time to practice. Motivational response means that the motivation is dependant on the amount of reinforcement, for instance feedback. This final stage cannot happen without the previous 3 being done



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