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[2015] hmeckes1 (Latin 8 Period 4): Latin - How to make Verb?

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by magistramartin
Last updated 2 years ago

Discipline:
World Languages
Subject:
Latin
Grade:
8

Test Glog

How to Make Verb Charts

What is a Verb Chart?:a verb chart is a 3 by 7 chart where you take a latin verb and form it in its present, imperfect, perfect active, perfect passive, pluperfect active, and pluperfect passive forms. You also will need to then translate all of the latin verbs into english.

Forming the Perfect Tense:when forming the perfect tense you must take the 2nd principal part (which will be given to you above the chart) and remove the last 3 letters. Then you will add either an a, e, or i to replace the 3 letters that you have just remove. You will be able to tell which of the letters to put by what the last 3 letters were. If the letters were ae you replace them with a, if the letters were ere (with a long mark on the first e) then they will be replaced with e, and if the word ends in ere (without a long mark) or ire then put i. Although this is almost always true some words do break the rules. In various word the i's will become a unt (if it ends with ere without a long mark) or a iunt (if it ends with ire). After figuring out what replaces the last 3 letters you must add the final ending to the verb. The endings are o ([with a long mark] if the verb 1S), s (if the verb is 2S), t (if the verb is 3S), mus (if the verb is 1Pl), tis (if the verb is 2Pl), or nt (if the verb is 3Pl. After forming the present tense in latin you must translate it to english. For present tense it would be translated to they (or whomever the verb is taking about) make (or whatever the verb means).

Forming the Imperfect Tense:when forming the imperfect tense you must take the 2nd principal part and get rid of the last 3 letters. If the last three letters are ae then replace them with a , if the letters are ere (with a long mark on the first e) then then replace it with e, and if the last 3 letters are ere (with a long mark) then also replace them with e. Although this rule is almost always true some words break it. If the word's 1st principal part ends in io then change the ending to ie. After changing the 2nd principal part's ending letters you need to add the endings. If the word is 1S then add bam, 2S add bas (with a long mark on the a), 3S add bat, 1Pl bamus (with a long mark on the a), 2Pl batis (with a long mark on the a), and if the word is 3Pl add bant. After forming the imperfect tense in lating you must translate it to english. For imperfect tense it would be translated to they (or whomever the verb is taking about) were making (or whatever the verb means).

http://static1.squarespace.com/static/528ee19ce4b08dc23453ab7e/t/5350708de4b09b70f38fcdf2/1397780621810/

Imperfect Tense verb endings

http://ed101.bu.edu/StudentDoc/current/ED101sp12/cewebber/cewebber/uploads/1/0/8/0/10805318/1097143.jpg?402

Forming the Perfect Active Tense:when forming the perfect active tense you must take the 3rd principal part and remove the i (with a long mark). Then you must add one of the endings i (with a long mark) if the word is 1S, isti (with a long mark on the 2nd i) if the word is 2S, it if the word is 3S, imus if the word is 1Pl, istis if the word is 2Pl, and erunt (with a long mark on the e) if the word is 3Pl. After adding the endings to the latin word you must translate it to english. For perfect active tense it would be translated to they (or whomever the verb is talking about) made (or whatever the verb means).

http://i.ytimg.com/vi/C_ntbuGdvAg/hqdefault.jpg

Perfect Active Tense Examples

Forming the Perfect Passive Tense:when forming the perfect passive tense you take the 4th principal part and change the last 2 letters. If the word is MS then change it to us, MPl change it to i (with a long mark), FS change it to a, FPl change it to ae, NS change it to um, and is the word is NPl then change the last 2 letters to a. After changing the last 2 letters of the word you must add the 2nd word (THIS TENSE IS 2 WORDS). If the word is 1S then add sum, 2S add es, 3S add est, 1Pl add sumus, 2Pl add estis, and 3Pl add sunt. After forming the tense in latin you must translate it to english. For the pefect passive tense it would be translated to they (or whomever the verb is taking about) were made (or whatever the verb means).

Forming the Pluperfect Active Tense: when forming the pluperfect active tense you take the 3rd principal part and drop the i (with a long mark). Then you add the endings: eram is the word is 1S, eras (with a long mark on the a) if the word is 2S, erat if the word is 3S, eramus (with a long mark on the a) if the word is 1Pl eratis (with a long mark on the a) if the word is 2Pl, or erant if the word is 3Pl. After changing the latin verb to the pluperfect active tense you must translate it to english. For the pluplerfect active tense it would be translated to they (or whomever the verb is taking about) had made (or whatever the verb means).

Perfect Passive Tense Examples

http://i.ytimg.com/vi/W7oiag1lZ_8/hqdefault.jpg

Example of Verb Chart(with answers)

screenshot of: https://drive.google.com/drive/folders/0Bzq0-OYVGkCMfnFLX1RpbkppY2d5ZU1UX3huU1BaNXlHZFJ1cERZay1tQUJOSUVvcFVTdE0

Examples of Verb Chart(without answers)

https://docs.google.com/document/d/1XKWSdd0I_rU7f1tQEZviQY__Gy4TUiz9TpwEQ7fF8Bc/edit

Pluperfect Verb Endings

http://i.ytimg.com/vi/iqyPi6vNqnw/hqdefault.jpg

Forming the Pluperfect Passive:when forming the pluperfect passive tense you take the 4th principal part and chnage the last 2 letters. If the word is MS then they are changed to us, if the word is MPl then change the ending to i (with a long mark), FS then change it to a, FPl then change it to ae, NS change it to um, and if the verb is NPl change the ending to a. After changing the last 2 letters of the word you must add the 2nd word (THIS TENSE IS 2 WORDS). If the word is 1S then add eram, 2S add eras (with a long mark on the a), 3S add erat, 1Pl add eramus (with a long mark on the a), 2Pl eratis (with a long mark on the a), or erant if the verb is 3Pl. After forming the pluperfect passive tense in latin you must translate it to english. For pluperfect passive it would be translated to they (or whomever the verb is taking about) had been made (or whatever the verb means).


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