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Treatment;GBS is considered a medical emergency and most patients are admitted to the hospital soon after diagnosis. If the patient's breathing seems to be at risk, he or she is usually managed in an intensive care unit (ICU). Although GBS can improve spontaneously, there are a number of treatments that facilitate recovery.Plasmapheresis-Patients diagnosed early in the course of the disease and those who are acutely ill often respond well to blood plasma exchange (plasmapheresis).Immunoglobulin-Large doses of immunoglobin given intravenously can help shorten the duration of symptoms.Medications-Muscle and joint pain can be treated with over-the-counter analgesics such as aspirin.

Symptoms ; * Difficulty with eye movement, facial movement, speaking, chewing or swallowing * Severe pain in the lower back * Difficulty with bladder control or intestinal functions * Very slow heart rate or low blood pressure * Difficulty breathing

Causes ;The exact cause of Guillain-Barre syndrome is still unknown. In about 60 percent of the cases, an infection affecting either the lungs or the digestive tract precedes the disorder. But scientists don't know why such an infection can lead to Guillain-Barre syndrome for some people and not for others. Many cases appear to occur without any triggers.

Guillain-Barre Syndrome

Prognosis;Patients who have Guillain-Barre syndrome may remain in the hospital for several months and recovery may take as long as a year or more. Most patients with GBS recover completely, but some have residual weakness, numbness, and occasional pain.A small number of patients are unable to resume their normal daily activities or occupation.Fewer than 5% of GBS patients die. Those fatalities usually result from cardiovascular or respiratory complications. Death resulting from chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyradicalneuropathy (CIDP) is rare.



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