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ed psyc glog

Maltreated Children and Academic Performance

My Question:How does maltreatment effect academic achievement?

Authors Question:How do maltreated children perform in school, and does the type of maltreatment make a difference?

Participants: *420 abused children ages 5 to 18*216 neglected only*52 sexually abused only*49 physically abused only*38 both physically abused and neglected*56 both sexually abused and neglected*420 not abused children matched to the abused children by age, SES, neighborhood, ect.**These children were from a small city in new york

School records were used to collect information about academic achievement. Cumulative folders were used so past and current performance could be watched. They looked at standardized test scores, and class test grades in reading/ english and math.

It was discovered that as a whole maltreated kids are at risk for lower academic achievement. However, they also discovered that the type of maltreatment made a difference in the level of success.

As a whole:*Standardized Test Scores*-Math: Maltreated kids mean unadjusted percentile score was 49.5 compared to 60.3 for the nonmaltreated.-Reading: Maltreated kids mean unadjusted percentile score was 46.6 compared to the nonmaltreated childrens score of 56.2*Class Test Scores*For both math and reading the mean scores of the maltreated children were 2.0 compared to 2.3 for nonmaltreated children.

In english children who were just neglected or neglected and physically abused scored significantly lower than the control group. In math the only group who's scores showed a significant difference was the children who were just neglected. Sexually abused children had higher scores then the rest of the maltreated children.

One way this could be improved was if they used children from multiple states. Another way would be if maybe they focused on a smaller age group.

This research could imply that wheen working with children you need to understand their homelife and background. Children all come from something different and this can definitely affect how they learn and how they are going to be in your class. Another thing could be that some kids are going to need a little more help, abused children could probably do better in school if teachers paid more attention to the help they need. Also that maybe abused children need to be put into a different learning environment. If research shows they dont do as well in a class maybe they need to be put somewhere where more focus can be place on their needs

I can now improve my work with children by figuring out more about the children I work with. Another thing I can do is talk to the kids I work with and figure out some of the things I have to adjust to make learning and the experience better for them. Also I could possibly help other people who work with children realize that maybe this child is having difficulties because of things outside of school and not just that they aren't interested or don't want to do better.

The broad implications of this research for me and other people who work with children could be that we need special programs for abused children. A lot of children are placed in special education classes and that isn't neccisarily what they need they may need different forms of help. It could also mean we need better programs and training to learn about our kids and what they are dealing with outside of school and how to deal with that. Another implication could be that we have to spend more time in training to be prepared to help these children.

Eckenrode, J., Laird, M., & Doris, J. (1993). School performance and disciplinary problems among abused and neglected children. Developmental Psychology, 29(1), 53-62. doi:



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