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[2015] Lyrra Isabelle: Colombia

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by misshusulak
Last updated 1 year ago

Discipline:
Social Studies
Subject:
World Culture
Grade:
7

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Colombia

History

Land

Government

Way of Life

Like every flag, there's always a story behind their flag. It has a meaning and it is a very important symbol of their country. It's what shows your spirit, where you're from, and it's partly shows your culture. Your country is represented by a flag, that no other place has. It's your country's flag.The flag of Colombia was adopted by law on November 26, 1861. The flag, as you see, has three horizontal stripes going across it. The three colours of it are yellow, which is the thickest line, then blue, and afterwards red. The yellow takes up half of the flag, whilst the blue and red, each take up one-fourth of the flag. The flags symbolism and colours goes all the way back to 1810. It was when the fight against the Spaniards occurred. During the fight, Venezuelan general,Fransisco de Miranda, introduced the flag. The yellow in the flag symbolizes the New World, and the independence of the Spanish colonies. Then, the blue part of it symbolizes the Atlantic Ocean. And finally, the red symbolizes The Spanish terror. These colours were in the colours of the republic Gran Colombia in 1819, founded by Simon Bolivar. Colombia, Venezuela, and Ecuador all use those three colours, so the flag of Colombia is the ancient Great Colombia flag. The flag of Colombia, are almost the same as Venezuela and Ecuador, but Colombia is unique from them and is just the three colours. Colombia's Coat of Arms was adopted on May 9, 1834, but in 1924, they made some minor changes to it. The coat of arms also has the three colours, and it also uses it. In the bottom, there are two ships, to symbolize the maritime history of Colombia. Then in the middle, there is a traditional symbol of freedom, the Phrygian cap. Then the upper part of the shield shows one pomegranate between two cornucopia/horns of plenty. That symbolizes agriculture of Colombia. And at the very top of the shield, is a Andean Condor depicted with an olive branch in its mouth. Finally there is a national motto that looks like a ribbon, across the shield. On both sides of the shield, two Colombian flags are flanked/draped on both sides. Some countries may have the same colours in their flag or coat of arms as Colombia's, but Colombia's flag and coat of arms has its special twist to it, and it is still unique.

Flag

Economy

Colombia is full of diversity, different racial groups, ethnicities, and ancestry. The people of Colombia are what keeps Colombia alive today. They are partly of what makes Colombia a beautiful country . In Colombia, the current approximate population is 49 891 047. Colombia is full of diversity and has a lot of mixed ethnicities. In the country everyone is mostly Spanish, Hispanic, or Latin, with some other blood. The ancestry/ race and ethnicity in Colombia descends from mostly three racial groups, which are the Amerindians, black, And whites, that have mixed and mingled over the last 500 years. Some demographer describe Colombia as one of the most ethnically diverse countries in the Western Hemisphere and in the world. They do have 85 different ethnic groups, so I see how they would call Colombia that. There was a genetic research/test with over 60,000 blood tests, and 25 variables (whatever that means), that found out that the average Colombian has an admixture of about 65% European, 22% native Amerindian, and 13% African ancestry. Those proportions though are different, depending on the region, and place in Colombia. The ancestry is quite big, and includes a lot of different but diverse ethnic/racial groups. Eventually, over time, those people with that ancestry became Spanish. Their ancestry still matters, but now they are mostly called Spanish, Hispanic, or Latino/Latina. Their ancestry influenced the language in Colombia very much, and their language is very much based of their history. More than 92% of Colombians speak Spanish. 65 Amerindian languages, 2 Creole languages, and Romani language is also spoken in Colombia. Spanish is the official and main language of Colombia though. English is also an official language in San Andres, Providence, and Santa Catalina Islands. But overall, the majority of Colombians, and people of Colombia speak Spanish. A lot of people in COlombia are fluent in Spanish, but since is an official language in some places, some people aren't fluent. In total, there are 101 languages spoken in Colombia in he Ethnologue databases. The specific number of spoken languages varies a bit, since some authors, and people consider some different languages the same. The best estimates recorded for languages spoken in Colombia today, is 70 languages. There are native languages, and approximately 850,000 speak a native language. The Spanish language is very unique, and each Spanish country has a little twist to their Spanish. Most of the people in Colombia are Catholic, or Roman Catholic, or somewhere along those lines. Approximately 79% of the people in Colombia are Catholic, and believe in Catholicism. Catholicism/ Catholic was the official religion of the country since the Spanish Colonization until 1991. It may not be the official religion of Colombia now, but it is still the major and main religion. In the Catholic part of Colombia, people estimated that 75% of Catholics in Colombia are fully Catholic, and 25% are practising Catholics. According to the CIA fact book, 90% of COlombia's population identifies and call themselves Catholic, and the remaining 10% as other. Over all, in Colombia, the approximate percentage of each religion is 79% for Catholicism, 13% for Protestantism, 6% for Unaffiliated, and 2% for Other. So as you can tell, a very big percent of Colombia is Catholic, specifically roman Catholic. Colombia's people are every diverse, and unique. Their culture beliefs and their ancestry is very intriguing and the best way possible. It's actually quite amazing, just like every other country. Colombia has that different feel to it from every other Spanish Country.

People

Climate

The climate of Colombia is very different and unique, because they just usually have one steady temperature throughout the year. You can experience all the seasons at once, but in a different place. All of the seasons are happening at once basically, and depending on where you are, it can be colder, or warmer. The climate of Colombia is more on the warm, and tropical side due to its place on the earth. It is very near the equator and a bit of the south of Colombia is on it. Colombia has 5 natural regions, and they depend on the altitude, temperature, humidity, winds, and rainfall. Each region keeps and maintains an average temperature throughout the year. The diversity of climates in Colombia is characterized for having tropical rainforests, savannas, steppes, deserts, and mountain climate. The climate, temperature, and weather in Colombia usually stay near the same, and it is pretty steady, but sometimes the weather in Colombia is changed by the seasons and the weather in the Northern Hemisphere. So when it is colder up north, Colombia can turn a bit colder because of that too. And when it is warmer up north, Colombia can get even warmer. In Colombia though, you can experience all four seasons, in any time of the year, depending on where you are in Colombia. Although the seasons from the Northern Hemisphere affect Colombia's weather, Colombia doesn't have those typical seasons. The weather and climate don't really change heavily. That is very much because of its place on the earth and the distance of it from the equator.The climates in Colombia actually stay pretty steady and don't change very much. They are very consistent and they're quite fixed. They do have rainy, dry, and breezy seasons, but otherwise, they overall like to stay the same temperature throughout the year. Colombia's temperature varies and depends on the altitude and times/periods of the year. In Colombia, the annual temperature when you are around 1,100 meters or 3,500 feet, is 24 degrees celsius to 27 degrees celsius (75-81 degrees fahrenheit). At sea level temperatures have a minimum of 18 degrees celsius (64 degrees fahrenheit) and a maximum of 38 degrees celsius (100 degrees fahrenheit). Between 1,100 meters ( 3,500 feet)and 2,000 meters (6,500), the average yearly temperature is approximately 18 degrees celsius (64 degrees fahrenheit). Then from 2,000 meters (6,500 feet) to 3,000 meters (10,000 feet), the average temperature is a little over 13 degrees celsius (55 degrees fahrenheit) to -17 degrees celsius (1 degrees farenheit. Then again, it does vary from where you are in COlombia. The average temperature, in Bogotá, The capital city of Colombia, is 14 degrees celsius (57 degrees fahrenheit). There is usually the most precipitation and rainfall is in the west coast of Colombia. Rainy and Dry/Winter and Summer, usually alternate and rotate in 3 moth cycles. In Bogotá, there is most precipitation from April to June and October to December. The upper part of Colombia only has one long rainy seasons , from May to October. The annual and average amount of rainfall is 107 centimeters (42 inches). The climate and weather of Colombia is crazy. The weather there is even unique. It's not very normal, and it's not typical, but it's pretty cool.

The land of where you live in is a big part of how you grew up. Colombia's land shows a lot of their cultures, industries, resources, and tourist places. Colombia is full of beautiful attractions and astounding places. Some of them are in the city, and some of the places are more rural. Colombia is quite big, and it fits 49 million people. It's land area is 1,038,700 square kilometers (401,044 square miles). It's water area is 100, 210 square kilometers (38,691 square miles). Colombia's borders are Venezuela, Brazil, Peru, Ecuador, Panama. As it was stated in the climate section, Colombia has 5 natural regions. It has the Andean region, Caribbean region, Pacific region, Orinquia region, and the Amazon region. The altitudes of the Andean region reach up more than 5,700 meters (18,700 feet). The mountain peaks of this region are permanently covered in snow. This region also has elevated basins, and plateaus. The Caribbean lowlands is all in the north of Colombia. Some of its mountain peaks, more down south, can reach over 5,700 meters (18,700 feet). It has quite deep slopes. In the Pacific region its mountains highest elevations, and altitude is less than 1,800 meters (feet). Colombia one of the richest countries in water source. It is by a lot of oceans, major rivers, and lakes. One big river in Colombia is the Amazon River. It touches the southernmost part of Colombia. Major rivers of Colombia are, The Magdelena River, The Cauca River, The Caqueta River, The Putumayo River, The Guaviare River, The Meta River, The Atrato River. Colombia also has some swamps, but no major ones really. Though, there are about 1,900 swamps in total. In Colombia, there 1,118 cities and towns, as of 2005. The top ten biggest (by population) cities, and major cities in Colombia are, Bogotá, Bogotá D.C., Santiago de Cali, Valle de Cuaca, Medellin, Antioquia, Barranquilla, Atlantico, Cartagena, Bolivar, Cucuta, Norte de Santander, Pereira, Risaralda, Santa Marta, Magdalena, and Ibague, Tolima. Colombia's capital city, nationally, is Bogotá. Bogotá, Bogotá D.C. is 1,587 square kilometres, and it has over 7,878,783 people in it. Colombia is full of cities, and towns. Some very busy, and some very quite. Usually tho ones with the cities with the highest populations, are the busier, and bigger ones. Colombia has many beautiful places. It is full of intriguing, and gorgeous destinations. It is jaw-dropping geographically. Their land is very divers, and has a lot of different biomes. It's like a lot of different places in one country.

Governments are what keep our country going strong and are what keep it stable. Colombia's government is not like Canada's, but they have some similarities. Colombia's government is partly run by the people, so really, the people of Colombia are helping Colombia become better and they are helping it grow. The government of Colombia is like a Democratic Government. It is kind of a democratic government, but it is republic. The Government of Colombia is Republic, which has a lot of tha same things as a democratic government. It is a free country, and citizens have the right to vote. They do have a republic Government, but with separations of power. The different powers and branches are executive, judicial, and legislative. Its legislature branch has a congress, its judiciary has a supreme court, and its executive branch has a president. Since it's a republic country, citizens get to cast votes to choose their leaders, and heads, and about the government. It is based off of majority and it kind of works like a democratic government. Colombia also has control institutions, which mix government and public officials, who work along one another, and have similar duties. The executive branch of power in Colombia is headed and led by the President of the republic and country. He is supported by the Vice President of Colombia, the MInistries of Colombia, and the Administrative Departments of Colombia. The government is in charge and are the leaders of creating, developing, and keeping the policies of Colombia stable. Meanwhile,the governors of the Department of Colombia are elected by popular vote and majority to represent the president and executive branch of government at a provincial level. The mayors are then subordinated to the governors who are the highest representatives of the executive branch of government at a municipal level. The mayors are also elected and chosen bt regional elections, but also with the department governors. The president of the country and the head of the executive branch is, Juan Manuel Santos Calderon. He has been part of the office/government as president since 2010 to this present day. He is the 32nd president. In the past, before becoming president, he was Minister of Defence from 2006 to 2009. His political was/is the Colombian Liberal Party, and the Social Party of National Unity. People voted for him, and the majority of votes were towards him, so he is president. The vice president of Colombia is currently German Vargas Lleras. He is a Colombian lawyer and politician, and currently the Vice President of Colombia. Lleras also had quite a few years working in the office and government. Colombia's government, sounds like a very good and stable government. Hey, it's a free country.

Colombia's economy is their people. It's what keeps them up and running. If they didn't have this type of economy in Colombia today, The Colombia we know would be completely different. The economy does give a lot to the people and the government of Colombia. So it is still an important part of Colombia, even though we think that Government is boring or whatever. Colombia is an upper middle-income economy, and is Latin America's fourth largest and Middle America's second largest economy, determined by gross domestic product. Colombia's industry is textiles, food processing oil, clothing, and foot wear. Main industries in Colombia are also beverages, chemicals, cement, gold, coal, emeralds, shipbuilding, and home appliances. Colombia is also a very big, and well-known producer of electronics in Latin America, and it is South America's 2nd largest hight-technology market. Colombia is also the 2nd biggest producer and exporter of electronics made by domestic companies in Latin America and South America. They have some very major companies, and some are, Challenger, PcSmart, Compumax, and more. Construction has also been starting to play a bigger role in their economy. It is growing quite quickly at almost 20% yearly. The government is investing heavily in transport infrastructure through a plan called "Fourth Generation Work". The target of the Colombian Government is to construct 7,00 kilometers of roads from 2016-2020, and reduce travel time by 30% and transportation cost by 20%. They plan on doing a lot with construction, and they plan on making those changes for good. Agriculture in Colombia has been very helpful to the country. Their agriculture is very strong and it is healthy. Colombia produces and has a lot of agriculture. They grow cacao beans, sugarcane, coconuts, bananas, plantains, coffee (beans), and rice for their agriculture. They also have cut flowers, forest products, cotton, tobacco, and cassava. They also produce beef from cattle/cow, and shrimp. They have more agriculture, and that includes, more fruits, other vegetables, flowers, poultry, and dairy products. Their agriculture is doing quite well. Colombia exports their coffee, bananas, cut flowers, apparel/clothing, petroleum, and coal. Those are just a few thongs they export, and they export a lot more since of their agriculture and industry. They have a lot of resources to, as you might be able to tell by now. They produce A LOT of petroleum, and it's industry is specifically important because it generated and gave 4% in total for the government revenue in 2011. It is Colombia's main focus, and is one of their biggest resources. Coal is also another big thing in Colombia. Colombia has the largest coal reserves in LAtin America. Coal and petroleum are probably the two biggest resources in Colombia. Over the years, Colombia's other resources have been growing too. Their coal, nickel, gold, silver, platinum, and emeralds are growing quite a lot. They also have oil and export a lot of oil. They specifically produce crude oil. They don't only have oil, but they also have a bit of gas. The government invests on the resources, agriculture, and industries that are strong, important, and have a high demand for. Overall, Colombia's economy is growing rapidly and healthily. They surely have strong economy and contributes a lot to the government and country. The economy in Colombia is certainly big, and has a lot in and to it.

In Colombia their cultures, traditions, beliefs, and way of life is unique from every other country. Like every country, they have different things, that another country wouldn't. Spanish culture is very intriguing and fascinating. All those grande familias, grande fiestas, and estupendo comida. The Spanish culture is definitely something. There's something different to it, but I cant't really explain it. Every country that was influenced by Spanish or has Spanish history and ancestry can feel that different thing. I don't know if it's the way we party and celebrate, or if it's the food, or if it's the way our gigantic families bond. I personally get this because I grew up in a Filipino family, which was very much influenced by the Spanish and has a lot of the same Spanish culture. My Brazilian Nina, will also get me on this because Brazil also has some Spanish influence. The Colombian Jeison also talk about this with us because we honestly love talking about parties the Spanish way. It's hard to explain what the Spanish culture is to us and how important it is. Both Brazil and Philippines have Spanish influenced culture, and way of life. Colombia's traditional clothing is gorgeous. Women's national traditional clothing is usually a very vivid and colourful long, quite voluminous skirt, paired with a white or matching round-neck blouse. Ruffles, and lace line the neck line, the bottom of the skirt, and knee lines. Designs can be horizontal bright, contrasting lines of colour, to very precise and detailed floral or native prints. The men usually wear kind of similar outfits. The outfit of the mens usually match the women's outfit. Men wear matching pants, that have elaborate ruffles at the ankle, vivid capes, and an elaborate headdress. They also sometimes wear sombreros with the outfit. This outfit and clothing is usually only worn in festivals and special occasions. On a regular basis, they wear regular, typical clothes. Colombia's food and drinks are very interesting and they look delicious. They definitely add to the Spanish and Colombian culture. Some of the famous, delicious, and well-known foods of Colombia are empanadas (My gosh, they are amazing!), bunuelos, tamales, arepas, and more. Some of their main, and more traditional dishes are Bandeja Paisa, Sudado de Pollo, Pescado Frito,Chuleta Valluna, Lechona Tolimense, Arroz con Pollo, Bistec a Caballo, Arroz Atollado, and Puchero Santafereno. All of these foods have Spanish names, and are based of Spanish culture, and I for sure know most are delicious, but some I havent experienced yet but they're probably amazing foods. Some famous, and drooling drinks of Colombia are Chocolate Santafereno, which is kind of like a hot chocolate, Chocolate en Leche de Coco, which is another chocolate drink, Aguapanela, which is a sweeter drink and is made out of sugar cane, Jugo Tamarindo, a sweet, and sour juice, Avena Colombiana, which is a creamy oat drink, and plenty more. Spanish and Colombian foods and drinks are very unique. Colombia is big with soccer/futbol, dance, music, and theatre. Their recreational side is a very big and important part of their culture. They have traditional and national music, dancing, theatre, literature, art, and sports. Colombians art has 3000 years of history and has a lot of different genres and medias and from Spanish Baroque devotional painting to Quimbaya gold craftwork. Colombia has its own style and media in art. The music of Colombia is an expression of Colombian culture, which contains hundreds of genres of music. Both traditional and modern music in Colombia is important, and they like and have diversity in their music. They have a lot of different genres that we don't really know, and that aren't that basic. It is their music from their country and it is their traditional music. In Colombia, almost every type of sport is played by at least one person. The most famous, and popular sports in Colombia are Football/Futbol/Soccer, and cycling. Colombia is most known for their futbol teams and skills. It is a big part of their culture and their country. The theatrical side of Colombia has film, literature, music, and dance mixed into it. It was introduced to Colombia during the Spanish Colonization in 1550. They use it to celebrate, they use it in festivals, to entertainment, to show their culture, and more. Dance is associated with theatre, and dance in Colombia is very unique. You know the basic Spanish dance genres like tango and salsa, but Colombia has its own genres. One of them is called Cumbia, and it is a dance-oriented music genre through Latin America. They also have dances they do in their festivals, and fiestas. Colombia's way of life, and lives are very unique, like each countries way of living. It may not be like your countries way of living, and you might think it's weird, but it's just as special as every other country. Each country has a special something to it, and Colombia's is quite unexplainable, but in a good way. I must say, Colombia has a very astonishing and captivating culture. They have a very distinct, and impactful culture, belief, tradition, and way of life.

Colombia's history is full of events and obstacles. Those events are what make u Colombia today. The history of Colombia is very interesting and gives a lot to the Colombia we have at this very moment. Some events were terrifying, and dreadful, but Colombia learnt and built from that. Colombia got its name from Christopher Columbus, even though he didn't go to Colombia or step foot in it. It was Alonso de Ojeda who were one of the first people to step in Colombia in 1499. He was one of Columbus's companions. Colombia was first founded on July 20, 1810, although there were events and happenings before that. The Pre-Columbian period was about 10,00 years BC. It was when a group of Amerindians developed a political system, and developed a "community" and group. This happened from the Pre-Colombia Period to 1499. The Colonial times happened around 1499. The territory and place that became Colombia was first visited by Europeans when the first expedition of Alonso de Ojeda arrived at the Cabo de la Vela. The Spanish tried and made several attempts to settle along the north coast of Colombia in the early 16th century, but their first official settlement was not done until 1525. Then the Spanish Colonization happened from 1499 to 1550.Invasion and conquest of Colombia happened in stages, rather the one huge go. The Spanish arrived in 1499 and initiated a period of colonization and conquest , which created the Viceroyalty of New Granada, with Bogotá as its capital. The colonization lasted until 1550, but Colombia did not gain independence from Spain right away. They gained and won their independence from Spain in 1810. A lot of Colombia's history is a mystery, like the native tribes, and the more native side of it. But the important and big events are marked and give off a lot now. Colombia gained its independence in 1810, and now in 2015, it is this gorgeous country. everything that happened in the history of Colombia, makes it and gives a part to what it is today. Every single event, known, or unknown, is an important part of Colombia.


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