Next-Gen

Chicken Pox

by ShemaiahhHenderson
Last updated 2 years ago

Discipline:
Health & Fitness
Subject:
Health

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Chicken Pox

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Chicken Pox is an infectious disease caused by the varicella zoster virus (Chickenpox (Varicella) Overview, 2015) . It is highly contagious and is typically transmitted through the cough or sneeze of the infected. Because of this, handwashing is essential in child centered settings (Marotz, 2015). Chicken pox causes the infected person to develop rashes all over their body and is itchy. It is likely to be contracted by those who have never had it, as well as those have not received the vaccine, which is generally given twice between the ages of one and six. Chicken pox on average lasts for about ten days (Diseases and Conditions, 2015). It undergoes three distinct stages: “raised bumps that can be pink or red…,fluid filled blisters…, and crusts and scabs…” (Diseases and Conditions, 2015). If chicken pox is transmitted to “infants, adolescents, pregnant women, adults, and those with weakened immune systems” it is likely to have extensive damage (Chickenpox (Varicella) Overview, 2015). This includes: “dehydration, pneumonia, bleeding problems, infection or inflammation of the brain, bacterial infections, bloodstream infections, toxic shock syndrome, bone infections, and joint infections” (Chickenpox (Varicella) Overview, 2015).

To relieve itching, taking frequent showers and applying calamine lotion to all areas of discomfort except the face (Chicken Pox, 2015) can help. In addition to this, eating foods that are “soft and bland” and help make eating and drinking easier, as rashes can also be found in the mouth(Chicken Pox, 2015).

What does it look Like?According to Nemours, when chicken pox is transmitted successfully, the infected can expect to flu like symptoms including a fever, loss of appetite, abdominal pain, headaches, sore throat, and after a few days “an itchy rash of spots that look like blisters can appear all over the body” (Chicken Pox, 2015). The rash typically appears on the trunk areas of the body and then is spread to the extremities. The rash consists of bumps that resemble the size and shape of a pimple filled with fluid, when this fluid is released the rash turns into scabs (Chicken Pox, 2015). If left untreated, chicken pox can result in a fatality.

Treatment for the chicken pox is not normally prescribed, however a doctor may prescribe medications to treat complications that have developed from contracting chicken pox such as, pneumonia. To protect yourself and reduce the likelihood of children contracting this disease children can be vaccinated at an early age. In addition to this, affected children should remain at home until the blisters have dried, which takes about a week (Chicken Pox, 2015). Anyone who is recovering from chicken pox should NOT be given any form of aspirin to reduce high fevers or relieve pain, as it can cause Reye’s syndrome and can easily result in death (What is Reye's Syndrome?, 2015).

Resources(2012). Chicken Pox SYMPTOMS and FACTS [Online video]. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=luofkXJpENs(2015). [Image]. Retrieved from http://www.healthxyz.com/disease/what-causes-chicken-pox/Chicken Pox. (2015, July 10). Retrieved from Kids Health From Nemours: http://kidshealth.org/parent/infections/skin/chicken_pox.htmlChickenpox (Varicella) Overview. (2015, July 10). Retrieved from Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: http://www.cdc.gov/chickenpox/about/overview.htmlDiseases and Conditions. (2015, July 10). Retrieved from Mayo Clinic: http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/chickenpox/basics/symptoms/con-20019025[Image]. Retrieved from http://media.web.britannica.com/eb-media/74/82674-004-0B2875DE.jpgMarotz, L. R. (2015). Health, Safety, and Nutrition for the Young Child. Albany: Delmar Publishers Inc.Story Time with "Itchy Itchy Chicken Pox [Online video]. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cFcX2JxfHEMWhat is Reye's Syndrome? (2015, July 10). Retrieved from National Reye's Syndrome Foundation: http://reyessyndrome.org/what.html

Helpful Links Chicken Pox For ChildrenChicken Pox Tips More About Reye's Syndrome All About Chicken PoxChicken Pox and Measles are NOT the same


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