Charles Darwin

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Evolutionary Biology

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Charles Darwin

Charles Darwin was best known for his work as a naturalist and explaining biological change. He was born in Shrewsbury, England, on February 12, 1809. He was the second youngest of six children. He came from a long generation of scientists, his father was a medical doctor and his grandfather was a renowned botanist.

Known For:

Natural Selection

Natural selection is the process in which organisms adapt to their new environment to survive and make more offspring. In natural selection there is a variety of traits, then there is a different reproduction in which not all the animals have the chance to reproduce, after that the animals that are left have offspring, at the end the creature that was left has more and more offsprings and at the end all the population is the same. If the population is brown, for example, it is going to spread and it will all be brown.

Galapagos Island

Darwin went to Galapagos on December 27, 1831 and it was a five years survey trip. Henslow recommended him for a naturalist’s position aboard the HMS Beagle. The voyage would prove the opportunity for the young naturalist. He got there on a ship commanded by Captain Robert FitzRoy. Charles Darwin studied animals at the Galapagos Island and made observations. One of the animals that he studied were Conolophus subcristatus, Amblyrhynchus cristatus, and Galapagos giant tortoises.

An aerial view of the Sombrero Chino Island, Galapagos Island, Ecuador on January 15, 2011.


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