Glog thumbnail

To view Glogster properly,
use the Flash Plug-in. If your system is not playing correctly, download a new plug-in.

Glog text

Key Words

Ivan Pavlov Group 3

Ivan Pavlov was born on September 14, 1849 in Ryazan. At a young age Pavlov was passionately absorbed in physiology. He contributed to this science throughout his whole life. He also discovered the concept of reflexes which began the behaviorist movement. Pavlov made a huge contribution to psychology when he created an experiment that demonstrated the effects of classical conditioning.While researching the digestive function of dogs, Pavlov noted that dogs would salivate(unconditoned response) before the delivery of food(unconditioned stimulus). In a series of well-known experiments, he presented a variety of stimuli(neutral stimulus)before the presentation of food(unconditioned stimulus), eventually finding that, after repeated association, a dog would salivate to the presence of a stimulus other than food(this is the conditioned response) He termed this response a conditional reflex. Pavlov also discovered that these reflexes originate in the cerebral cortex of the brain. Pavlov received considerable acclaim for his work, including a 1901 appointment to the Russian Academy of Sciences and the 1904 Nobel Prize in Physiology.

Learning Theory Behaviorism focuses on observable behavior. Behaviorists view learning as an objective, measureable science. Since cognitive processing of information is not observable it is not considered in this theory. Behaviorism suggests that we learn through a system of negative and positive rewards. Pavlov’s behavioral dog experiments led to an understanding of stimulus response through a process called conditioning. See the Key Words to learn more about conditioning and stimulus response. In classical conditioning, automatic behavior (reflexes) can be manipulated with stimuli. A subject can learn to associate a stimulus with a specific response, like Pavlov’s dogs did with the bell and food. In the classroom, a teacher can use conditioning to manipulate student behavior. For example, a bell can be used to signal quiet in a classroom. Also, a teacher can reward a student with a piece of candy or a gold star for good behavior or correct answers. This would be an example or operant conditioning.

Unconditioned Stimulus- This is a type of stimulus that unconditionally creates a response. EX: The bowl of food is the stimulus Pavlov brought to the dog that made him salivate unconditionally. Unconditioned Response- This type of response occurs to an unconditioned stimulus(the dog food). EX: In Pavlov's experiment the unconditioned response was the dog salivating at the bowl of food. Neutral Stimulus- A stimulus which initially produces no specific response other than focusing attention. EX: The bell that Pavlov would ring when he brought out the dog food. Conditioned Stimulus- A conditioned stimulus is when the neutral stimulus(the ringing bell) is initially paired with the unconditioned stimulus(the bowl of food)to create a response, and eventually it is able to create a response without the unconditioned stimulus. EX: In his experiment the conditioned stimulus was when the bell was no longer just a noise but it caused salivation without the food. Conditioned Response- A conditioned response is the response that the conditioned stimulus elicits after it has been repeatedly paired with an unconditioned stimulus. EX: The dog salivating when he heard the bell. He no longer needed the bowl of food to salivate because he was conditoned to salivate to the ringing bell.

Operant Conditioning- Learning that occurs due to the manipulation of the possible consequences. Classical Conditioning- The behavioral technique of pairing a naturally occurring stimulus and response chain with a different stimulus in order to produce a response which is not naturally occurring. Associative Learning- Making a new association between events in the environment. Stimulus- A thing or event that evokes a specific functional reaction. Response- A reaction to a stimulus. Psychic Reflexes- A reflex that occurs automatically.

Navigation Instructions: Scroll through areas with text to read more. Click and hold on the photos with arrows to view a larger image. Pink circles indicate links you can click to learn more.

Glog thumbnail

Images on Glog

Click on the thumbnail to see original image.

Image Image Image