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The American Civil War: Blockades and Blockade Runners

Deck and Turret of U.S.S Monitor- James River, VA July 9, 1862

USS Kanawha cutting out a blockade runner at the entrance to Mobile Bay

1861 cartoon map of General-in-Chief Winfield Scott's plan

Winfield Scott, 1835 portrait, by George Catlin

Deck and Officers of U.S.S. Monitor Catskill, Lieutenant Commander Edward Seated on the Turret – Charleston Harbor, SC

General-in-Chief Winfield Scott’s Anaconda Plan, which purposed to divide the south, significantly weaken its economy and win the war with a little bloodshed as possible proved to be a success and ended the Confederacy. With this plan, the Union Navy was able to capture over 1,100 blockade-runners and destroyed another 355 vessels. As a result, the Confederacy was unable to export its cotton or import any weaponry. This ended the cotton trade upon which the Confederacy depended on for its wealth and thus aided in ending the war.

General Scott served as an effective presidential emissary to South Carolina during nullification troubles. During the administration of President Andrew Jackson, Scott marshaled American forces for use against the state of South Carolina in the nullification crisis. His tactful diplomacy and the use of his garrison in suppressing a major fire in Charleston did much to defuse the crisis.. The same effort was put forth in creating the Anaconda Plan with sought to end the war with as little bloodshed as possible.

"So as to envelop the insurgent States and bring them to terms with less bloodshed than by any other plan." ~ General Scott

Civil War Newscast: Blockades and Blockade Runners

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